PCI express risers to use multiple GPUs on one motherboard - not detecting card?

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ProDigit

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Message 96346 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 18:29:23 UTC
Last modified: 3 Mar 2020, 18:31:31 UTC

I would tend to agree, that serial connection of more than 2 GPUs is a bad idea. Linus did that with an RTX and a cpu, and the GPU ran at like 70 something C, vs 35 with just the GPU.

That would certainly affect performance.

I just think water-cooling is a bad idea in general. It consumes more energy (as you still need fans to cool the radiator, thus still having air cooling), it's noisy, the cost of chemicals in the water, the maintenance to flush the system, pump wear, and not to mention, the possibility of a leak that can fry the board.
But, to each his own.

Using only 1 pump for feeding GPUs in parallel could be disastrous, when one of the lines ends up clogged, or partially clogged. The water could reach boiling temperatures, at which it's cooling capabilities decrease drastically, and the GPU throttles.

As far as 'not enough heat', water or aircooled, any pc that uses 800+W to crunch (say 4 GPUs), is enough to warm up a living room. There are space heaters with less power than that.
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Ian&Steve C.

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Message 96349 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 18:43:19 UTC - in response to Message 96343.  

It's your right not to believe things, but I've had all RTX GPUs (save for a 2080 Super). The brand makes less of a difference in terms of performance or overclockability, as they all get their boards from Nvidia, just differently binned.
Meaning, ASUS, MSI, EVGA,... all have about the same max GPU frequency depending on what bin they're getting their chips from (nowadays all are A+ or A++ something).
The only difference is in what ports, how many fans, how efficient the cooling is, etc...
So, yes, I did own all 6 RTX models released by Nvidia, spread out over all the brands. While I currently run 5 to 6 RTX GPUs, and own 15, I've owned a total of 25 RTX GPUs (counting the working ones, broken ones // Returns, and DOAs)


this only applies to the cards you have/had in your hands. certainly not ALL cards ever, and not all use cases either.

your gross simplification would be akin to saying something like "ALL CPUs can overclock to 5.3GHz because all of the ones I have did". It's simply not true in all cases.

But you'd admit at least that you haven't had 25 RTX GPUs, and thus have less of an authority on the topic, no?


No. I’m running 25 RTX cards right now. And have probably had my hands on ~20 more RTX or Turing cards through RMAs and just buying/selling different models. Not to mention the tons of different Pascal cards I’ve played with.

Current lineup
17x RTX 2070s
7x RTX 2080s
1x RTX 2080ti
1x GTX 1650
1x GTX 1050ti

Another 2070 on the way. A handful of Pascal cards that’s aren’t even running at the moment.

But I recognize that even having messed with a few dozen cards, it’s a small sample size compared to the millions that have been produced.
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Ian&Steve C.

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Message 96352 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 19:07:18 UTC - in response to Message 96344.  

I put “hot” in quotes for a reason. The water temp varies very little across the loop.

Are you even looking at the pics? All cards are right next to each other. They are the only heat generating components in the loop (minus the negligible heat generated by the pumps). All 7 cards are ASUS Turbo (blower model) RTX 2080s, running at 200W each. This model was chosen since they were the only 2080 I could easily get at a good price, that also had single slot I/O for use with a single slot waterblock setup like this. You’ll notice that the middle card’s power connectors look slightly different. This one came as an “EVO” variant. But more or less the same as the others.

It runs 2 D5 water pumps on speed setting of 4 (out of 5), for redundancy more than anything else. I could run them with one pump if I wanted.

It’s probably down to how efficient each individual chip is and maybe how well the thermal transfer is from the die to the waterblock.


So it looks like it's ok to run water through two cards in series without much problem. Depends on the setup I guess. I've only ever used systems that cool one card. You must have a damn good pump if there's only a few C difference after going through one set of cards. I hope the pressure isn't too large and it bursts something.


Pressure and flow rate are not the same.

But PC-grade water pumps operate on relatively low pressure anyway. They are just regular XSPC D5 pumps. They aren’t anything special.

Been running for months with nothing more than zip ties on some of the tubing connections (again, can be seen in the pics). I’m not new to watercooling.
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Ian&Steve C.

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Message 96353 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 19:11:16 UTC - in response to Message 96351.  



I'm guessing you're a lottery winner.


LOL not even close. This is just a hobby.
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Ian&Steve C.

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Message 96357 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 19:34:33 UTC - in response to Message 96356.  



I'm guessing you're a lottery winner.


LOL not even close. This is just a hobby.


Then you have a bigger salary than me, I make do with 2nd hand stuff and construct what I can :-/


Most of my cards were bought used. And over the course of several years. Not like I bought them all at once.
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Ian&Steve C.

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Message 96361 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 20:27:46 UTC - in response to Message 96358.  
Last modified: 3 Mar 2020, 20:28:07 UTC

The water cooled system was absolutely planned, I always wanted to do one of these 7GPU builds. But the procurement of parts was spread over several months. Waiting for deals on all 7 of the same kind of GPU. Selling other left over parts to help fund it. I had most of the watercooling infrastructure already from the previous system (3x 2080s). I just had to sell the cards I had for the old setup, to rebuy the exact model I needed. And I had to buy 4 more waterblocks.

The other systems were in a state of slow building flux for a while too. Just adding a GPU when I had the chance. One system built up to 10x 2070, the other 7x 2070.

The 2080ti system is my gaming machine. It’s back on SETI for the next month for the last hurrah.

Electricity is cheap in America compared to Europe (in general, YMMV). It’s about $0.11/kWh where I live.
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robsmith
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Message 96365 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 21:30:09 UTC

In the UK, according to OFGEM the "environmental & social" part of our bills is a bout 20%. The biggest part is the wholesale cost at about 33%, followed by the network costs at about 25%

https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/data-portal/breakdown-electricity-bill
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robsmith
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Message 96367 - Posted: 3 Mar 2020, 22:27:42 UTC

I very much doubt that OFGEM are lying, as if they were the energy providers would be screaming about their margins being cut.

But whatever the truth, the fact is we do pay about twice as much for our energy as I&S do. One thing to remember is that in the US prices vary between about 10 to over 30 cents per kW, and that is very similar to the spread of prices across Europe (Apparently Bulgaria are the cheapest, with Denmark & Germany the most expensive last year - the UK being somewhere in the upper half of the spread).

Getting back on track there can be some very interesting things happen when you have an "unbalanced" mixture of series and parallel cooling systems like the one described by I&S. From the description it looks as if the coolant is going into the four-in-parallel set, then, having been combined it goes into the three-in-parallel set, thence to the water/air heat exchanger (radiator). Assuming that all the chip/water blocks are the same, this is not the ideal way of doing it - it would be better to go from the 3, through combiner (manifold) then fan-out into the four, then into the water/air heat exchanger. Another consideration is where the pump is in the cooling circuit - one can either "push" the coolant around, or "pull" it around. Pulling can cause localised micro-cavitation in things like chip/water heat exchanges, which reduces their efficiency, and may go some way to explaining the unexpected higher temperature in the first set of GPUs. Generally pushing is better, provided you have good control of air entrainment before the pump (or an air separator trap after the pump).

(BTW, this discussion prompted me to have a quick look at the monster which is now up to 4 cells of 256 Quadros in each, remember this is air cooled, with custom built chip/air heat exchangers. The total power being dissipated is now in excess of 400kW, the temperature rise on the cold-air cycle is stable at 5C, and the with and air-on temperature of 4.7C. There was an issue when a batch of fans for one of the new modules was incorrectly marked, they sucked instead of blowing. This caused total mayhem in that complete cooling circuit as the whole circuit is meant to have air flowing in one direction, not have about half of it trying to go the wrong way!)
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ProDigit

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Message 96384 - Posted: 4 Mar 2020, 0:10:30 UTC - in response to Message 96351.  
Last modified: 4 Mar 2020, 0:44:55 UTC

It's your right not to believe things, but I've had all RTX GPUs (save for a 2080 Super). The brand makes less of a difference in terms of performance or overclockability, as they all get their boards from Nvidia, just differently binned.
Meaning, ASUS, MSI, EVGA,... all have about the same max GPU frequency depending on what bin they're getting their chips from (nowadays all are A+ or A++ something).
The only difference is in what ports, how many fans, how efficient the cooling is, etc...
So, yes, I did own all 6 RTX models released by Nvidia, spread out over all the brands. While I currently run 5 to 6 RTX GPUs, and own 15, I've owned a total of 25 RTX GPUs (counting the working ones, broken ones // Returns, and DOAs)


this only applies to the cards you have/had in your hands. certainly not ALL cards ever, and not all use cases either.

your gross simplification would be akin to saying something like "ALL CPUs can overclock to 5.3GHz because all of the ones I have did". It's simply not true in all cases.

But you'd admit at least that you haven't had 25 RTX GPUs, and thus have less of an authority on the topic, no?


No. I’m running 25 RTX cards right now. And have probably had my hands on ~20 more RTX or Turing cards through RMAs and just buying/selling different models. Not to mention the tons of different Pascal cards I’ve played with.

Current lineup
17x RTX 2070s
7x RTX 2080s
1x RTX 2080ti
1x GTX 1650
1x GTX 1050ti

Another 2070 on the way. A handful of Pascal cards that’s aren’t even running at the moment.

But I recognize that even having messed with a few dozen cards, it’s a small sample size compared to the millions that have been produced.


I'm guessing you're a lottery winner.

Or a liar.
To run 25 RTX GPUs simultaneously, you'd have to have an industrial building to feed them power, that's like several thousands of watts (if not 10kW)!
I'm sure he'd surpass the number one cruncher by now! XD
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Ian&Steve C.

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Message 96385 - Posted: 4 Mar 2020, 0:48:33 UTC - in response to Message 96367.  

the flow path through the block is like so:


this is the way EKWB designed it. they are one of the biggest PC watercooling manufacturers. this is apparently "gen2" of this product. the one that they used in the LTT video had all 7 cards in parallel if I remember correctly. they obviously felt the semi-parallel design was better in one way or another. either way i can't complain about the temps. they are all pretty close.

this is a niche product though.
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Ian&Steve C.

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Message 96387 - Posted: 4 Mar 2020, 1:09:59 UTC - in response to Message 96384.  
Last modified: 4 Mar 2020, 1:18:22 UTC


Or a liar.
To run 25 RTX GPUs simultaneously, you'd have to have an industrial building to feed them power, that's like several thousands of watts (if not 10kW)!
I'm sure he'd surpass the number one cruncher by now! XD


no need to be jealous bro. but I'm not a liar and rob can attest to that. he's seen my postings about these systems over on the seti forums I'm sure.

link to the 10x 2070 system at GPUgrid: https://www.gpugrid.net/show_host_detail.php?hostid=524633
link to the system at Einstein: https://einsteinathome.org/host/12803486
pic of it: https://imgur.com/7AFwtEH
runs off 30A 240V circuit, pulls about 2000W

link to the 7x 2080 system at GPUGrid: https://www.gpugrid.net/show_host_detail.php?hostid=524248
link to the system at Einstein: https://einsteinathome.org/host/12803483
pics of it: https://imgur.com/a/ZEQWSlw
runs off the same 30A 240V circuit as above. pulls about 1500W

link to the 7x 2070 system at Einstein: https://einsteinathome.org/host/12803503
pic of it (before I added the 7th GPU): https://imgur.com/a/PJPSnZl
runs off a normal 120V circuit. uses about 1250W.

these are my 3 main systems. they run SETI as prime, and only run GPUGrid/Einstein as a backup when SETI is down. I'd link you to SETI, but it's down today. They are the 3 top most productive systems on the entire SETI project. Myself I'm in 5th place for SETI total lifetime credit, I've attached my boincstats ticker in my sig here. In terms of user daily production (RAC), I'm 2nd place worldwide, 1st in the USA. behind only W3Perl who runs a whole school district in France or something (150 computers or so).

When SETI goes down at the end of the month, the first two systems will be the most productive on GPUGrid too...

(edit, had to remove the hyperlinks and links to images to follow posting guidelines, just copy/paste them)
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Message boards : GPUs : PCI express risers to use multiple GPUs on one motherboard - not detecting card?

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