Version 14 (modified by davea, 6 years ago) (diff)


Submitting jobs

To submit a job you must

  1. Write XML 'template files' that describe the job's input and outputs (typically the same template files can be used for many jobs).
  2. Create and "stage" the job's input file(s) (see below).
  3. Invoke a BOINC function or script that submits the job.

Once this is done, BOINC takes over: it creates one or more instances of the job, distributes them to client hosts, collects the output files. It validates and processes the results, and deletes the input and output files.

Typically, steps 2) and 3) are done by a work generator program that creates lots of jobs.

Input template files

An input template file has the form

    [ <sticky/> ]
    [ <nodelete/> ]
    [ <report_on_rpc/> ]
    [ <url>...</url> ]
    [ <md5_cksum>...</md5_cksum> ]
    [ <nbytes>...</nbytes> ]
[ ... other files  ]
        [ <copy_file/> ]
    [ ... other files ]
    [ <command_line>-flags xyz</command_line> ]
    [ <rsc_fpops_est>x</rsc_fpops_est> ]
    [ <rsc_fpops_bound>x</rsc_fpops_bound> ]
    [ <rsc_memory_bound>x</rsc_memory_bound> ]
    [ <rsc_disk_bound>x</rsc_disk_bound> ]
    [ <delay_bound>x</delay_bound> ]
    [ <min_quorum>x</min_quorum> ]
    [ <target_nresults>x</target_nresults> ]
    [ <max_error_results>x</max_error_results> ]
    [ <max_total_results>x</max_total_results> ]
    [ <max_success_results>x</max_success_results> ]

Elements and tags must be on separate lines as shown. The components are:

describes an input file.
use 0, 1, ...
if present, the file remains on the client after job is finished.
if present, the file is not deleted from the server after job is completed.
if present, report file in each scheduler request (sticky files)
<url>, <md5_cksum>, <nbytes>
used only for "non-local" input files (see below)
describes the way the file is referenced.
0, 1, etc.
the logical name of the file
if present, the file is copied into the job's slot directory
The command-line arguments to be passed to the main program.
<rsc_fpops_est> etc.
Job attributes such has how much disk space will be used. BOINC will supply reasonable defaults for these, but you should supply the correct values; otherwise, for example, BOINC might try to run the job on a host with insufficient disk space.

Note: The input template is copied into a BLOB column of the workunit table and will substitute filenames, and have download urls, signatures and other elements inserted into your provided template. The total expanded BLOB cannot exceed 65,535 bytes. As a general rule, you should plan to use less then 15 files in your input template. This will allow you some flexibility on making your job names longer, adding more options to your command line, or adding additional download servers as your project grows. If you require more then 15 application and input files, you can achieve this using BOINC file compression to zip several files into a single file reference for download, and expanding them prior to running on the client machine. You can check to see how large your expanded input templates become by comparing 65,535 with the output the following MySQL statement:
select max(length(xml_doc)) from workunit;

Output template files

An output template file has the form

        [ <copy_file>0|1</copy_file> ]
        [ <optional>0|1</optional> ]
        [ <no_validate>0|1</no_validate> ]
    [ <report_immediately/> ]

Elements and tags must be on separate lines as shown. The elements include:

describes an output file.
the physical file name. Typically use <OUTFILE_0>, <OUTFILE_1> etc.; BOINC will replace this with a generated name based on the job name.
describes how an output file will be referenced by the application.
the "logical name" by which the application will reference the file.
if present, the file will be generated in the slot directory, and copied to the project directory after the job has finished. Use this for legacy applications.
always include this for output files.
maximum file size. If the actual size exceeds this, the file will not be uploaded, and the job will be marked as an error.
the URL of the file upload handler. You may include this explicitly, or use <UPLOAD_URL/> to use the URL in your project's config.xml file.
if 0 or absent, your application must create the file, otherwise the job will be marked as an error.
if true, don't include this file in the result validation process (relevant only if you are using the sample bitwise validator).
if present, the file will not be deleted on the server even after the job is finished.
if present, clients will report this job immediately after the output files are uploaded. Otherwise they may wait up to a day. (Implemented in 6.12.27+ clients only).

Note: when a job is created, the name of its output template file is stored in the database. The file is read when instances of the job are created, which may happen days or weeks later. Thus, editing an output template file can affect existing jobs. If this is not desired, you must create a new output template file.

You can safely remove an input template file after creating your last job with it. However, output template files must exist until any task that refers to it is completed (i.e. no more replicas will be created).

In general, you should not attempt to use more then 50 files in your output template. This is because the provided template will have upload URLs, and file names expanded, and signatures added to it. The total size of the result must remain under 65,535 bytes to fit in the xml_doc_in and xml_doc_out BLOBs in the result table. Your actual limit on number of files will depend upon the length of your job names, and upload URLs. If your expanded output template is approaching the size limit, you can use BOINC file compression to zip several files into a single file reference for upload, prior to completing each task on the client machine. Once you have run some jobs through your project, you can compare the size of the expanded xml with the 65,535 limit by running the following MySQL statement:
select max(length(xml_doc_in)), max(length(xml_doc_out)) from result;
Note that here "_in" and "_out" are both references to the output template. "_in" being when the task was created, and "_out" how it looked, with actual file sizes and checksums, at the time the task was returned. So don't confuse these column names with the "input" and "output" templates.

Staging input files

Input files may be "local" (resident on the project server) or "non-local". For local files, BOINC fills in the download URL, the file size, and the MD5. For non-local files, you must supply these yourself in the input template.

Staging local input files

Before submitting a job, you must put its local input files into the proper place in the download directory hierarchy. BOINC provides both a command-line tool and a function for this. The command-line tool is:

dir_hier_path filename

which prints the full pathname and creates the directory if needed (run this in the project's root directory). For example:

cp test_files/12ja04aa `bin/dir_hier_path 12ja04aa`

copies an input file from the test_files directory to the download directory hierarchy.

The function (a member function of the SCHED_CONFIG class) is

// convert filename to path in download hierarchy
    const char* filename,    // name of input file
    char* path               // path in download hierarchy where it should go

Submitting a job on the command line

create_work is a command-line tool for submitting jobs. Run it from the project root directory.

create_work [ arguments ] infile_1 ... infile_n

Mandatory arguments are:

--appname name
application name

Optional arguments are:

--wu_name name
workunit name (default: appname_PID_TIME)
--wu_template filename
WU template filename relative to project root; usually in templates/. Default: templates/appname_in.
--result_template filename
result template filename, relative to project root; usually in templates/. Default: templates/appname_out.
--batch n
--priority n
high values are assigned before low values; see --priority_order and --priority_order_create_time options on the feeder

The following job parameters may be passed in the input template, or as command-line arguments to create_work, or not passed at all, in which case defaults will be used.

--command_line "-flags foo"
--rsc_fpops_est x
FLOPs estimate
--rsc_fpops_bound x
--rsc_memory_bound x
--rsc_disk_bound x
--delay_bound x
--min_quorum x
--target_nresults x
--max_error_results x
--max_total_results x
--max_success_results x
--opaque N
--additional_xml 'x'
This can be used to supply, for example, <credit>12.4</credit>.

Submitting jobs from a C++ program

BOINC's library provides a function for submitting jobs:

int create_work(
    DB_WORKUNIT& wu,
    const char* wu_template,                  // contents, not path
    const char* result_template_filename,     // relative to project root
    const char* result_template_filepath,     // absolute or relative to current dir
    const char** infiles,                     // array of input file names
    int ninfiles
    const char* command_line = NULL,
    const char* additional_xml = NULL

The name and appid fields of the DB_WORKUNIT structure must always be initialized. Other job parameters may be passed either in the DB_WORKUNIT structure or in the input template file (the latter has priority). On a successful return, contains the database ID of the workunit.